Here’s why investment by G20 economies in nature-based solutions needs to double by mid-century to help prevent an environmental crisis.
Natural Climate Solutions: working with nature to tackle the climate crisis
We face unprecedented, intertwined crises: the destruction of nature, accelerating climate change and growing inequality. Nature loss is a key driver of climate change, with the loss of forests and coastal ecosystems worldwide contributing 4.8 and 1 billion tonnes of CO2 per year respectively, and food systems producing over 30% of global annual GHG emissions.
Natural climate solutions (NCS) provide an opportunity for companies to address climate change while also contributing to nature recovery and advancing the Sustainable Development Goals. By investing in high-quality NCS carbon credits―as a top up, but never instead of decarbonization in line with a 1.5°C future―businesses can demonstrate leadership in tackling the interconnected climate and nature crises, while also delivering a more equitable future for many.
NCS are “conservation, restoration and improved land management actions that increase carbon storage and/or avoid greenhouse gas emissions”. They play an important role in reducing emissions, for example, by lowering rates of deforestation and loss of other natural habitats, and removing carbon, such as through forest restoration activities. NCS provide other valuable benefits that address societal challenges, such as conserving biodiversity, restoring degraded lands and soils, and supporting sustainable livelihoods in rural landscapes.
NCS can provide up to one-third of the climate mitigation required to meet the Paris Agreement goals. Despite this potential, the 2021 UNEP State of Finance for Nature report indicated that funding for NCS needs to triple by 2030 and increase fourfold by 2050, reiterating the urgency to develop mechanisms by which the private sector can channel finance toward NCS.
Supported by campaigns such as Race to Zero, led by the High-Level Climate Champions for Climate Action, and with greater clarity on what corporate net zero looks like with the recent launch of the SBTi’s Net Zero Standard, companies are starting to take the necessary action required. Leading companies are decarbonizing in line with what science requires for a 1.5°C world; for organizations with a footprint in the land sector, this can include investing in NCS within their value chains.
Importantly, the companies with the highest ambition to accelerate climate recovery are also compensating for their residual emissions with NCS carbon credits. In this way, companies can demonstrate they are committed to the decarbonization required by a 1.5°C course, but are also going above and beyond this while supporting the diverse range of positive impacts on nature, climate and communities required to solve the challenges of today.
As this high-ambition practice grows, voluntary carbon markets are likely to expand rapidly, enabled by initiatives such as the Taskforce on Scaling Voluntary Carbon Markets and others. It is critical that companies and other stakeholders work together now and ensure that scale is achieved with companies aiming for the highest quality and integrity standards from day one. This is the only way to ensure that these flows of finance genuinely lead to climate impact as well as positive outcomes for nature and people.
The NCS Alliance―a multistakeholder coalition including companies, NGOs, standards bodies, and project developers―is working on this exact challenge. In July 2021, the NCSA published Natural Climate Solutions for Corporates, a guidance document that set out quality and integrity guardrails specific to NCS, for both producers of NCS credits and purchasers. For companies retiring credits, this guidance reinforces the need for decarbonization following the greenhouse gas mitigation hierarchy, and at levels consistent with Paris, in addition to the purchasing of NCS credits. For producers, this covers the safeguards that should be in place when investing in and developing NCS projects and programs to secure robust carbon accounting and the maximum possible sustainable benefits to climate, nature and people.
With guardrails in place, the NCS Alliance is moving to generating a corporate demand signal for high-quality NCS credits through the Natural Climate Solutions Investment Accelerator. The accelerator aims to increase private sector investment into nature to an aggregated 1 gigatonne of CO2e emissions reductions and removals from NCS per year by 2025. On Nature Day at COP26 on November 6, the NCS Alliance supported by Bank of America, Bayer, Boston Consulting Group, McKinsey & Company, and Unilever invited companies to join the accelerator and help us work collaboratively to meet this ambitious yet crucial target
In demonstrating clear private sector demand for high-quality credits, the NCS Investment Accelerator will address three key challenges in this space: the lack of a demand signal, low recognition for participating companies and fragmentation of private sector investment campaigns and initiatives.
Through the accelerator, companies commit collectively to the ambitious target, which will send a strong demand signal to policy makers, suppliers and carbon exchange bodies with the aim to “unlock the supply pipelines needed to meet global net-zero announcements and build confidence with policymakers as they roll out new compliance and jurisdictional schemes.”
By striving for high quality supply (credits) and demand (their usage) the accelerator is building the platform to position participating businesses as ‘NCS Champions’ and sustainability leaders, while also inspiring other businesses to invest in high quality NCS. Showcasing best practice on how to invest in NCS with integrity and the companies who are doing so, the accelerator will build trust in the system now before markets expand.
The accelerator will also serve as an “umbrella” campaign to support other aligned initiatives such as the LEAF Coalition, 1t.org, business coalitions such as the Business Alliance to Scale Climate Solutions (BASCS), and is supported by the We Mean Business Coalition. In this way, the accelerator will act as a “one-stop shop” for business to collate their NCS commitments across the breadth of NCS activities supported, providing a platform for the private sector as well as all other stakeholders in the NCS space to take action together.
Tackling the climate, nature and inequality crises together demands that we look to NCS to unlock natural ecosystems’ abilities to address these interconnected crises. Scaling up NCS is a crucial step if we are to address these challenges, reach net zero and facilitate the transition to a future where we live well, within planetary boundaries. The NCS Investment Accelerator can be a valuable linchpin on this mission and we invite all eligible companies to join the campaign.
Natural climate solutions are the key for the Race to Zero and the Race to Resilience. They can take us beyond net zero, to actually achieve drawdown. With all of the cascading benefits to people and the planet, it is clear that climate finance should support nature-based climate solutions, says Mamta Mehra, Senior Fellow, Land Use & Research Program Officer & Chad Frischmann, Senior Director, Drawdown Solutions, Project Drawdown
The initiative, with farmers at its heart, will work with over 500 million farmers to apply regenerative production methods and transform agricultural systems, as well as ensure roughly USD $60 billion per year is deployed to finance the transition.